مقایسه هوش شخصی و هیجان‌پذیری منفی در بین دانش‌آموزان با و بدون اختلال یادگیری ویژه

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد روان‌شناسی بالینی کودک و نوجوان، گروه آموزشی روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

2 کارشناسی ارشد روان‌شناسی عمومی، گروه آموزشی روان‌شناسی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه پیام نور اردبیل، اردبیل، ایران

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی روان‌شناسی، گروه آموزشی روان‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

10.22098/jld.2022.10015.1981

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر باهدف مقایسه هوش شخصی و هیجان‌پذیری منفی در بین دانش‌آموزان با و بدون اختلال یادگیری ویژه به انجام رسیده است. روش پژوهش توصیفی از نوع علی-مقایسه‌ای بود. جامعه آماری شامل دانش‌آموزان ابتدایی دوره دوم دارای اختلال یادگیری ویژه و عادی شهرستان‌های اردبیل در سال تحصیلی 1398 بود که از این جامعه، 30 دانش‌آموز با اختلال یادگیری ویژه به روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند و 30 دانش‌آموز عادی با نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای انتخاب و در این پژوهش شرکت کردند. دو گروه به صورت انفرادی و با حضور پژوهشگر به پرسش‌نامه‌های هوش شخصی مایر(فرم کوتاه) و هیجان‌پذیری منفی والر پاسخ دادند. داده‌ها نیز با استفاده آزمون تحلیل واریانس چند متغیره (مانوا) تحلیل شد. نتایج نشان داد دانش‌آموزان دارای اختلال ناتوانی یادگیری در میانگین نمرات حساسیت عاطفی (345/9=F)، عصبی بودن – تنش (392/5=F)، نگرانی (371/2=F)، پرخاشگرانه (578/14=F) و متغیر شکل دادن (493/5=F) و راهنمای انتخاب (305/8=F) با گروه عادی تفاوت معناداری دارند(001/0>p)؛ با توجه به این نتایج از لحاظ کاربردی برگزاری کارگاه‌های آموزشی جهت ارتقای هوش شخصی و تنظیم و مدیریت هیجانات این دانش آموزان توسط مشاوران و روانشناسان مدارس توصیه می‌گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of personal intelligence and negative emotionality among students with and without special learning Disorder

نویسندگان [English]

  • Rana Pourzargar 1
  • Mehrdad Hasanzadeh 2
  • Hasan Taheri 3
1 MSc Clinical Psychology of Children and Adolescents, Department of Psychology, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
2 MSc General Psychology, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Payame Noor University of Ardabil, Ardabil, Iran
3 BSc Student of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili , Ardabil, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to compare personal intelligence and negative emotionality among students with and without special learning Disorder. The research method was causal-comparative description. statistical population included the second year elementary students with special and normal learning Disorder in Ardabil cities in the academic year 2019. Of this population, 30 students had special learning differences by purposive sampling and 30 normal students by sampling. Clusters were selected and participated in this study as a comparison group The two groups individually and with the presence of the researcher answered the questionnaires of Meyer's personal intelligence (short form) and Waller's negative excitement. Data were also analyzed using multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA). The results showed that students with learning Disorder had average scores of emotional sensitivity (F = 9.345), nervousness - stress (F = 5.392), anxiety (F = 2.371), and aggression (F = 14.578). And shaping variables (F = 5.493) and selection guide (F = 8.305) are significantly different from the normal group(p

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Personal intelligence
  • negative emotionality
  • special learning disorder
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