مداخله ای در سازگاری اجتماعی و کاهش رفتارهای تکانشی دانش آموزان پسر مبتلا به ناتوانی های یادگیری ریاضی:‌ اثربخشی و کارآمدی آموزش والدین با رویکرد آدلری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه معارف اسلامی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی

2 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه رازی کرمانشاه

3 .کارشناس ارشد مشاوره مدرسه، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

4 .دانشجوی دکتری تخصصی روان شناسی عمومی، دانشگاه رازی کرمانشاه

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف، مداخله­ای در سازگاری اجتماعی و کاهش رفتارهای تکانشی دانش­آموزان پسر مبتلا به ناتوانی­های یادگیری ریاضی:‌ اثربخشی و کارآمدی آموزش والدین با رویکرد آدلری اجرا شد. این پژوهش نیمه آزمایشی و از نوع  پیش­آزمون و پس­آزمون با گروه کنترل است. جامعه آماری این پژوهش را کلیه­ی والدین دانش­آموزان 10 تا 12 سال شهرستان نورآباد (دلفان) در سال تحصیلی 92-1391 تشکیل می­دادند که مبتلا به ناتوانی یادگیری ریاضی بودند. نمونه پژوهش شامل 40 نفر از والدین دانش‌آموزان پسر مبتلا به ناتوانی یادگیری ریاضی بود. که از میان والدین دانش­آموزان بعد از شناسایی به وسیله آزمون ریاضی کی­مت و انجام مصاحبه بالینی ساختاریافته به صورت تصادفی انتخاب و در دو گروه آزمایش و گواه گمارده شدند. ابزارهای پژوهش شامل، مصاحبه بالینی ساختاریافته، آزمون ریاضی کی­مت، مقیاس تکانشوری بارات و پرسشنامه سازگاری اجتماعی بود. از هر دو گروه پیش‌آزمون، پس­آزمون به عمل آمد. در فرآیند اجرا، گروه آزمایش به مدت 12 جلسه 75 دقیقه­ای آموزش والدین با رویکرد آدلری دریافت کردند در حالی که گروه کنترل هیچ مداخله­ای دریافت نکردند. برای تجزیه و تحلیل آماری داده­ها نیز از روش تحلیل واریانس چند متغیری استفاده شد. نتایج تحلیل واریانس چند متغیری (MANOVA) نشان داد برنامه آموزش والدین با رویکرد آدلری بر کاهش تکانشوری و بهبود سازگاری اجتماعی فرزندان آنها مؤثر است (001/0≥P). به این صورت که منجر به کاهش تکانشوری و سازگاری اجتماعی، عاطفی و آموزشی دانش­آموزان مبتلا به اختلال ریاضی می­شود. می­توان نتیجه گرفت درمان آدلری روش کارآمدی در بهبود علائم رفتاری دانش­آموزان مبتلا به اختلال ریاضی است و لازم است تفاوت آن در سایر متغیرهای مربوط به دانش­آموزان مبتلا به اختلال ریاضی بررسی شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

An intervention in social adjustment and reducing impulsive behaviors of male students with mathematical learning disabilities: Efficiency and effectiveness of parents with Adlerian approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • M Ebrahimi 1
  • G Karami 2
  • S Barazandeh Choghaee 3
  • M.J Bagiyan Kulehmarz 4
1 Assistant Professor in Department Islamic Studies, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili.
2 Author: Associate professor of psychology, Razi University, Kermanshah
3 MA in School Counseling, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran.
4 PhD student of General Psychology, Razi University, Kermanshah
چکیده [English]

This study is done with the aim of intervening the social adjustment and reducing impulsive behaviors of male students with mathematical learning disabilities: Efficiency and effectiveness of parents with Adlerian approach. This is a quasi-experimental study with pretest, post-test and control group. The study population included all parents of 10 to 12 years students with mathematics learning disabilities in Noorabad (Delfan) city at academic year 2012-2013. The sample consisted of 40 parents of male students with mathematics learning disabilities. Parents, after being identified by Key Math Test and structured clinical interview, were randomly selected and assigned to experimental and control groups. Research instruments were Structured Clinical Interview, Key Math Test, Barratt Impulsivity Scale, and social adjustment questionnaire. For both groups, the pre-test and post-test were executed. In the implementation process, the experimental group received Adlerian parent training for 12 sessions of 75 minutes while the control group received no intervention. Multivariate analysis of variance was used to analyze the data statistically. The results of multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) showed that the plan of parent training with Adlerian approach is effective on reducing impulsivity and improving social adjustment of their children (P≤0/001). That leads to decreasing impulsivity and improving social, emotional and educational adjustment of students with dyscalculia. It can be concluded that Adlerian treatment is an efficient method to improve the behavioral symptoms in students with disorders and their differences in other factors in students with dyscalculia need to be examined.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Parent training
  • Adlerian approach
  • impulsivity
  • social adjustment
  • Mathematical Disorder
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