تأثیر آموزش قدردانی با رویکرد اسلامی بر خودبخشایشگری و صبر مادران کودکان مبتلا به اختلالات یادگیری خاص

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد، گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی سبزوار، سبزوار، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه علوم تربیتی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی سبزوار، سبزوار، ایران

10.22098/jld.2022.7718.1828

چکیده

هدف: پژوهش حاضر تعیین اثربخشی آموزش قدردانی با رویکرد اسلامی بر خودبخشایشگری و صبر مادران کودکان مبتلا به اختلالات یادگیری خاص بود.
روش­ ها: روش پژوهش حاضر نیمه ­آزمایشی از نوع پیش آزمون- پس آزمون با گروه کنترل بود. جامعه آماری این پژوهش شامل تمامی مادران کودکان 6 تا 12 ساله مبتلا به اختلالات یادگیری خاص سبزوار در سال تحصیلی 99-1398 به تعداد 55 نفر بود. بدین منظور تعداد 40 مادر دارای کودک مبتلا به اختلالات یادگیری خاص بر حسب شرایط ورود به پژوهش به­ روش نمونه­ گیری تصادفی ساده انتخاب و به­ صورت تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش کنترل (هر گروه 20نفر) جایگزین شدند. پس از انجام پیش ­آزمون به کمک پرسشنامه‌های خودبخشایشگری و صبر، گروه آزمایشی 10 جلسه (هرهفته دو جلسه) 75 دقیقه­ ای برنامة آموزش قدردانی با رویکرد اسلامی را دریافت کرد. درحالی که گروه کنترل هیچ برنامه مداخله ­ای دریافت نکرد. داده‌های به­ دست آمده با استفاده از روش­ تحلیل کواریانس تجزیه و تحلیل شد.
یافته ­ها: نتایج نشان داد که آموزش قدردانی با رویکرد اسلامی موجب تفاوت معنی­دار بین خودبخشایشگری، صبر و مولفه­ های آن­ها در مادران کودکان مبتلا به اختلالات یادگیری خاص شده است (0/05>P).
نتیجه ­گیری: آموزش قدردانی با رویکرد اسلامی بر خودبخشایشگری و صبر مادران کودکان مبتلا به اختلالات یادگیری خاص تاثیر مثبت دارد. بنابراین می توان گفت که از این برنامه می ­توان برای کمک به مادران کودکان مبتلا به اختلالات یادگیری خاص استفاده کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effectiveness of Gratitude training with Islamic approach on Self Forgiveness and Patience of Mothers of Children with Learning Disabilities

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fereshteh Zakerniya 1
  • Ali mohammad Naemi 2
1 M .A of Psychology, Department of Educational sciences, Islamic Azad University of Sabzevar, Sabzevar, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of educational sciences of Islamic Azad University of Sabzevar, Sabzevar,Iran
چکیده [English]

Objective The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of Gratitude training with Islamic approach on Self- Forgiveness and Patience of mothers with Special learning disorders.
Methods This study was semi-experimentally and the pretest-posttest with a control group was used. The statistical population of the study consisted of all mothers of children with Special learning disorders who lived in Sabzevar in between 2019 and 2020. They were selected according to eligibility criteria and assigned to experimental (n = 20) and control (n = 20) groups using random sampling. First, the pre-test using the Questionnaires of Whol, Dashia, and Wakini (2008) and Khormaee, Farmani & Soltani (2014). Then the experimental group received Gratitude training with Islamic approach for 10 sessions of 75 minutes, while the control group received no intervention. At the end of the program, the two groups were given a post-test. The collected data was analyzed using SPSS23 and descriptive statistics methods (mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (analysis of covariance) were applied.
Results The results showed that Gratitude training with Islamic approach with Islamic approach caused a significant difference between self-forgiveness, patience and their components in mothers of children with special learning disorders (p <0.05).
 Conclusion Therefore, Gratitude training with Islamic approach is an effective intervention program to help mothers of children with Special learning disorders.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Gratitude training with Islamic approach
  • Self- Forgiveness
  • Patience
  • Learning Disabilities
  • Mothers
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